Mulberry Leaf Supplement

drinking-teaYou will enjoy many health benefits after you decide to buy Mulberry leaf supplement. The supplement has a lot of health benefits due to the natural ingredients that it contains. Issues with blood glucose level, toxins in the body and high cholesterol levels among others can be easily managed after you decide to make use of the supplement. There are many brands available in the market, but you should take your time and look for the best brand that has the right concentrations. Mulberry leaf has been used for many years in treating different ailments, after you decide to buy the supplement; you will achieve great health benefits. It is a supplement that you will really enjoy. Here are some of the health benefits that you will enjoy after you buy the supplement and make use of it in your struggle to stay fit:

 Getting rid of cholesterol from your body

The supplement is very helpful in getting rid of excess cholesterol from your body. Due to high levels of cholesterol, you will easily develop health complications, which will lead you to developing heart problems. However, after you decide to make use of the supplement, you will equip your body with necessary ingredients that will lead you to getting rid of excess cholesterol in a natural way. This will lead you to living healthy life free from health complications associated with too much cholesterol deposits in your blood vessels. Remember when too much cholesterol is deposited on your blood vessels, it will lead you to developing cardiovascular problems. The supplement can easily help you in getting rid of them.

 Regulating blood glucose levels

Fluctuating levels of blood glucose can easily lead you into health complications. Cases where you will be disturbed by type 2 diabetes will be no more after you make a habit of making use of the supplement. There are the other methods that you can use to manage your type 2 diabetes, but making use of the supplement is very necessary. The method is cheap and it will lead you to getting rid of the real cause of your fluctuating blood sugar levels. There are no side effects also after you decide to make use of the supplement.

 Contains useful antioxidants

There are useful antioxidants available in the supplement; they will help you in getting rid of free radicals in the body, which can expose you to different health complications. Aft you manage to get rid of the free radicals in the body; it is very easy for you to get rid of cancer and other diseases that can be brought about due to the presence of free radicals in the body.

 Anti-inflammatory effects

The supplement will help you in getting rid of inflammation. Sometimes your body may become inflamed due to chronic diseases. The inflammation will reduce the mobility of your joints, which can easily interfere with your ability to walk, but after you decide to buy the supplement, you will easily get rid of the inflammation from your joints. The supplement works in a natural way in getting rid of the inflammation.

An overview of White mulberry matcha diabetes

New-Green-font-b-Tea-b-font-AAAAA-Matcha-Green-font-b-Tea-b-font-PowderWhite mulberry matcha is a product that you can use when treating diabetes. When you use it, you will eliminate all the hassles of brewing as well as worries about stems and twigs when trying to improve your health. Its properties makes it one of the products that you can buy whenever you want to improve your health by reducing the side effects of diabetes.

White mulberry has been tried and it can help your treat diabetes. Many other researches has shown that it has the ability to treat high cholesterol levels, common cold, high blood pressure, and many symptoms of muscle and joint pain like arthritis, dizziness, constipation, ringing in the ears, premature graying and hair loss. This definitely make it one of the highly rated products that you can try when you need to improve your health.

How does it work?

Mulberry matcha has that work in a unique way just like many other common medicines used when treating type 2 diabetes. When you use it, it will slow down the sugar breakdown in the gut thus allowing them to be absorbed slowly into blood system. Through this, you will be able to keep blood sugar levels in your body at the desirable ranges thus reducing the cases of diabetes. Many of people who have used the product have been able to regulate the levels of sugar in their blood thus reducing the effects of diabetes.

What are the uses?

One main use of mulberry matcha is its ability to control blood sugar levels in those individuals who have the type 2 diabetes. When you use it, you will always be able to reduce the blood sugar levels by about 27%, which makes you to enhance your health remarkably.

Here are the common uses of White mulberry matcha diabetes:

  • Helps in controlling high blood cholesterol. When you have type 2 diabetes, you can use a white mulberry leaf to enable you control your blood sugar levels thus enabling you to reduce the consequences of having high blood levels of cholesterols in the body. You will definitely enhance your health amazingly.
  • Constipation.
  • Dizziness as well as ringing in the ears.
  • Common cold.
  • Cough.
  • Sore throat.
  • Muscle and joint pain.
  • High blood pressure in the body.
  • Asthma.
  • Hair loss as well as premature graying.
  • Other conditions

What are the side effects?

White mulberry matcha is safe to use. However, you should know the procedure of using it when you need to avoid the side effects that comes with using it wrongly when planning to enhance your health. You should seek help when you have no idea on how to use it correctly to reduce your blood sugar levels.

What are the special Precautions and warnings?

They are: Pregnancy and breastfeeding mothers should take care whenever they are using White mulberry matcha.

Diabetes: This white mulberry can help you lower your blood sugar levels when you have diabetes. You need to watch for any signs of very low blood sugar called hypoglycemia before using it to help you control your blood sugar carefully.

In conclusion, the above is a review of White mulberry matcha that you should know.

Mulberry leaf capsules

valerian-root-capsules1Mulberry leaf capsules has been used in traditionally by Chinese and Ayurveda medicine for centuries. However, in recent years, this capsule has gained the attention of the public due to its health benefits specifically in regulating carbohydrates and glucoses metabolisms. This capsule also has some components that have shown to have anti-cancer benefits. So does mulberry leaf capsules really work? Moreover, if so then what are its benefits and does it have some side effects? In this article we are going to review this capsule to help you know what is it all about so that you make an informed decision on whether to use it or not.

What is mulberry leaf capsule?

Mulberry leaf capsule is actually a capsule that comes from a medium sized shrub that has been used for centuries by Chinese and Indians to treat diseases such as blood pressure and diabetes. Scientific studies that has been conducted on this natural herb have confirmed that indeed it has some health benefits.

How does it work?

The chemical present in mulberry leaf capsule helps in breaking sugar component of the gut so that it can easily be absorbed in the body. Because of this reason, this capsules is used for treating type 2 diabetes. This capsule also contains antibacterial, antioxidants properties that helps to treat inflammation and other health conditions such as arthritis.

Health benefits of mulberry leaf capsules:

  1. Used in diabetes treatment. Several clinical studies that have been conducted on this supplements have found out that it has some ingredient that helps in treatment of diabetes. The leaves of the herb that this capsule is derived from can help lower blood sugar level in type 2 diabetes. Traditionally the Chinese people use the root of mulberry herb to treat diabetes. The mulberry herb has been studies extensively in virtuous laboratories using chronic diabetic rats. In fact, a study reviled that taking this capsule for a period of 4 weeks can help reduce blood sugar from rising.
  2. Help to lower cholesterol level. In a study conducted, it was observed that this supplement can help reduce LDL cholesterol level by up to 23%. The study also found out that this supplement could also increase the HDL levels by 18%. Another study showed that this capsule can help to restore vascular reactivity in animals.

Side effects:

  1. Allergic reactions. Some people who have used this supplements has reported to have experienced allergic reactions specifically skin irritation. Other types of allergic reaction that people have reported include swelling, hives and wheezing.
  2. Kidney issues. Mulberry leaf capsules are rich in potassium. People with kidney problems often have excess potassium in their bodies. Therefore, this supplement is not recommend for people who are suffering from kidney related problems because it may cause more complications.
  3. Liver issues. It is not yet clear as to whether mulberry leaf capsules can protect or destroy the liver cells. However, a study conducted by an independent institution found out that frequent use of this capsule can cause liver damage.

In conclusion, as discussed above, mulberry leaf capsules has both its pros and cons. Before you use these capsules, ensure that you consult your doctor first so as to be sure as to whether the capsules will help you or not.

A recipe on how to make tea from fresh mulberry leaf

Mulberry-TeaThe mulberry tree, which grows in some parts of Asia such as China, Korea and Thailand, is widely acclaimed for offering quite a large number of health benefits. This especially true of its leaves, which have for a long time been used in traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of a wide variety of health challenges. In our contemporary world, the tea derived from fresh mulberry leaves has been subjected to extensive scientific research to ascertain just what benefits they can present to the medical sphere. Virtually all these studies have comprehensively proved that drinking this kind of tea is highly beneficial to your health.

To begin with, these leaves come loaded with a considerable amount of antioxidants such beta-carotene as well as ascorbic acid. For those who may perhaps not be in know, these vital compounds carry out their functions by effectively inhibiting free radical formation. Which if left unchecked can trigger extensive cellular damage. This at one go eliminates the potential risks of contracting a wide range of serious problems, which includes cancer.
Drinking mulberry leaf tea has also been proven to deal with type 2 diabetes that is triggered by inordinately high levels of glucose (blood sugar). This is due to the remarkably high content of gallic acid that is found in the leaves of the mulberry tree, which is known to significantly lower glucose levels in the bloodstream. Further, these leaves also possess a naturally occurring compound called I-deoxnojimycine that also has especially excellent anti-diabetic properties.

The mulberry leaf also possesses exceptional anti-inflammatory attributes. For centuries on end, this leaf has been utilized to cure the kind of inflammation that is triggered by chronic ailments. It carries out this invaluable function by blocking inflammatory agents that are found in the body. This ultimately effectually influences the body’s inflammatory response, and prevents inflammation. Drinking tea made of mulberry leaves has also been linked with substantially reduce the levels of bad cholesterol in the bloodstream. Well, as you can see mulberry leaf tea is undeniably one of the most health-promoting beverage currently in existence.

This now brings us to the question you may probably be asking yourself at this point: how to make tea from fresh mulberry leaf in the best way. Well, you need not fret, making this kind of tea is remarkably an extremely easy process.

  • First you will have harvest only mature and disease free mulberry leaves.
  • Next you should wash the leaves you have gathered under clean running water to get rid of any dirt or impurities you may have overlooked.
  • After doing this get some of the leaves and cut them into even strips, ideally three centimeters wide.
  • You should then boil some water on a suitable pan. When the water has boiled for a while, immerse the fresh mulberry leaves into it, and let the simmer for at least five minutes.
  • By this time the water should have taken a light green color, and the leaves themselves turned to a brown hue. The tea is now ready. You can proceed to filter out the leaves, and you are ready to go!

Dried mulberry leaves: Sweet Tea with health benefits

bellocq_mulberry__Lo_ResSDid you know that dried mulberry leaves are used to make herbal tea? Well, this plant not only makes for nicely flavored tea, but is also very healthy for you. It is interesting to note that the mulberry plant is usually grown as food for silkworms, which use it as raw materials. What makes the mulberry plant healthy and safe is that it occurs naturally. This is why it has compounds such as deoxynojirimycin (abbreviated as DNJ) that is mainly responsible for the mulberry’s antioxidant properties.

Below are some other benefits of dried mulberry leaves:

Minerals and antioxidants

The leaves of the mulberry plant contain minerals such as zinc, calcium and iron. These vital minerals are required for proper growth. In addition, the leaves contain antioxidants such as beta-carotene and ascorbic acid. Antioxidants work to clean the body by inhibiting damage to body cells caused by free radicals. These radicals are harmful compounds that find their way to the boy cells via inhalation (smoke) and exposure to radiation. In the long run, herbal mulberry tea can help reduce the chances of a person getting cancer.

Lowers glucose levels in the blood

When blood glucose levels rise beyond a certain threshold, your body becomes diabetic. As you may have well imagined, this undesirable condition is uncomfortable. It is also expensive to treat and limits you on many of life’s comforts. Nonetheless, all is not lost as experimental results indicate that intake of mulberry tea can help reduce your chances of getting type 2 diabetes. Test patients who took mulberry tea had reduced glucose levels after a period of only two hours.

Reduces bad cholesterol

A group of individuals who had bad cholesterol levels were each given 280 grams of mulberry leaves that had been ground to powder. They were observed and tested after three months. Another similar experiment was conducted later with different subjects. Both studies indicated that the mulberry powder had positive effects on the subjects as it greatly reduced the cholesterol levels in their blood. You need to know that cholesterol is necessary for normal body functions. However, above a certain level, cholesterol becomes unhealthy.

Anti-inflammatory effects

An inflammation of any part of your body can take a toll on you. However, this unwanted condition can be treated using mulberry products. You can take mulberry as a powder or as tea leaves as it inhibits the agents that cause inflammation to your internal organs. The good thing about mulberry is that it eases the pain that is always associated with inflammation.

Include mulberry products in your cuisine to change your flavor and improve your health in the process.

Health Benefits of Wild White Mulberries

white-mulberry-tea-benefits-fresh-mulberries-leavesMany people are familiar with purplish mulberries; however, there are certain mulberry trees that produce wild white mulberry. They grow up to a height of four feet with rough and lighter bark with spreading branches. The flavor of the wild white mulberry is also slightly different with a rare hint of vanilla to its taste. This exotic plant comes packed with various nutritional and health benefits and its popularity is slowly increasing.

You can eat mulberries, dry them cook them or simply juice them and you will not be disappointed with the results. They are rich in minerals that are important for your body at all times. They are low in sodium and cholesterol. You can also make your very own healthy mulberry jam. Wild white mulberry is sticky moist when ripe and tastes almost like honey.

Mulberries are rich in vitamin B, C, K and iron. They are a great source of nutrients that aid the body in metabolism and breaking down fats. When dried the amount of sugar in them decreases without changing their taste. The numerous health benefits of wild white mulberries include;

Cancer Prevention

Wild white mulberry is packed with resveratrol that helps in the prevention of cancer. It tampers with the environment needed for the growth of cancer cells making it impossible for them to flourish. It contains other properties that inhibit tumor cell migration and the spread of tumor cells.

Sugar control in diabetics

It improves plasma glucose levels in the body and reduces the amount of pressure and oxidative stress in the liver. The flavonoids present in wild white mulberry help in controlling the sugar and prevent it from rising. It works well with insulin and will not interfere with sugar levels of a person.

Controls Blood pressure

They have the ability to lower your blood pressure. This decreases your chances of developing heart diseases.

Immune Boost

They contain alkaloids that produce macrophage. Macrophages have the ability to stimulate the immune system making it very effective in fighting off health diseases

Improved Eyesight

It contains antioxidant properties that enable it to protect the eyes from harmful ultraviolet rays. This will ensure that your eyes are in perfect condition at all times.

Hair growth and color

You can use mulberry juice to grow your hair and blacken it if it is gray. When mulberry juice is applied directly on the head, it will blacken your hair the same way a dye would and help strengthen it as it grows.

Improved memory and Concentration

Wild white mulberry is rich in choline. Choline is very effective in helping the brain carry out its functions effectively. You will have good memory and improved concentration at all times if you consume wild white mulberries.

Helps in Building muscles

Wild white mulberry contains protein, which is necessary in building up muscles. Protein is a very rare nutrient in fruits.

Wild white mulberry is safe for most people and there are no side effects to be reported. However, there is not a lot of information on whether or not it is safe for pregnant and lactating women. This is the reason that people in the medicine field are conducting more research on the fruit and are trying to find ways to incorporate it in the treatment of certain diseases.

MULBERRY LEAVES’ MAGNIFICENT BENEFITS

mulberry-teaMulberry has been grown commercially to cultivate silkworms for centuries. The latest health fad appears to be drinks made from dried mulberry leaves. The Chinese have used the mulberry leaves for their medicinal properties since ancient times. Mulberry was used as a cooling herb to get rid of heat, toxins and other wastes from the body, purifying blood and improving metabolism. Now research studies are pointing out numerous health benefits of mulberry leaves, thanks to the beneficial enzymes and compounds contained within them.
ORIGINS: The mulberry plant traces its origins to China, and to some extent Japan and Thailand. It has since been brought over to many different countries, grown, and naturalized. There are many wild varieties of the mulberry, but the cultivated plants have whitish pink colored mulberries. The health benefits of mulberry leaves tea is mainly credited to a naturally occurring compound 1-deoxynojirimycin, DNJ, which has been found to help control blood sugar levels and reduce cholesterol and triglycerides in the body, as well as noteworthy anti-oxidant properties.

HEALTH BENEFITS

MINERALS AND ANTI-OXIDANTS: Many people wonder are dry mulberry leaves safe to drink or not? The answer to this is that mulberry leaves are a good source of calcium, iron and zinc; as well as anti-oxidants like ascorbic acid and beta-carotenes. Beta carotene rich foods and drinks have been known to reduce the risk of cancer, and anti-oxidants combat free radical induced cellular damage, due to unhealthy foods, smoke and radiation exposure. CONTROL BLOOD SUGAR: Dried mulberry leaves are rich in gallic acid, and this helps reduce glucose levels in the blood significantly. Research study groups in which some people were given sucrose drinks, some mulberry leaf tea, and some a placebo showed significant reduction in blood sugar levels of the people who took mulberry leaf tea. Scientists have shown that mulberry leaves could be used to both treat and prevent Type 2 Diabetes.

LOWER CHOLESTROL: Studies have shown remarkable reduction in triglyceride and cholesterol levels in participants who were given mulberry leaf powder thrice a day for three months. Of course, to reduce your cholesterol levels instantly, you might have to drink a gallon of mulberry leaf drinks, but for a stable and steady decline in your triglyceride levels, drink some dried mulberry leaf tea a few times a day.

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY EFFECTS: The anti-inflammatory effects of mulberry leaves have been used in traditional Chinese medicines for centuries. Mulberry leaves have powerful anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce inflammation caused by long term diseases. Scientists have found that mulberry leaves reduce inflammation by inhibiting inflammatory agents in the body, effectively obstructing the body’s inflammatory response. WEIGHT LOSS: DNJ, found within mulberry leaves has been shown to stimulate weight loss. DNJ acts by hindering carbohydrate-digesting enzymes in the intestines, effectively putting a stop to glucose absorption in the body. The starchy foods like rice, potatoes and breads aren’t digested and simply excreted out. Reduced glucose levels also reduce appetite, acting in more than one way to reduce your calorie intake. CONCLUSION Drinking dried mulberry leaf tea will make you a stronger and healthier individual. The benefits are many and the drawbacks are few. Bring about that healthy change in your life!

Apart from other uses, can you eat white mulberries?

The white mulberry, which is also known as Morus Albawhite-mulberry1 happens to be a small to medium sized variety of the mulberry tree that is renowned for its rapid growth. When fully matured this plant can grow to a height of 20 meters. This plant traces its roots from the Northern parts of China, but it is now extensively cultivated in other areas of the globe. Which includes many temperate regions such as the Indian sub-continent, Afghanistan and some parts of Iran. Below is an insight.

In recent years, the white mulberry has been introduced to the North American continent, where it is to be found in most urban areas where it is considered an excellent landscaping plant. In this region, it has been widely “hybridized” with the red mulberry that is native to this part of the world. The cultivation of the white mulberry began more than four millennia ago in ancient China, and this trend gradually expanded to other parts of the globe.

When it comes to its usage, this plant is primarily cultivated as an ideal feedstock for silkworms. It is also used as food for livestock like cattle and goats in regions where the dry season limits the growth of ground pasture. This tree is typically deciduous when growth in temperate climates, however it tends to be evergreen when grown in areas that experience tropical climate.

The male and female flowers of the white flower are usually found on separate trees , but it in some cases they can be found on a single tree. The fruit of this plant varies in size from 1 cm to 2.5 cm in length. In the wild the mulberry fruit usually manifests in a purple color, while that found on cultivated trees color ranges from pink to white.

This now brings us to the question you may probably be asking yourself at this moment: Can you eat white mulberries? Well not to put a fine point to it, this fruit is very edible. Nevertheless, it at the same time possesses a rather bland taste. Most especially when it is compared with the red and black mulberries, which have a rich and full flavor. As would be expected this has not endeared this fruit with many people. The white mulberry is usually eaten in the dried form, and in some occasions, it is used to produce wine.

Apart from this, the white mulberry fruit has been extensively utilized for medicinal purposes in traditionally Chinese medicine. Where it used is used to cure constipation, diabetes, the tonification of blood and treating the premature graying of hair. The bark of this tree is also used to cure persistent bouts of coughing, wheezing, edema as well as promoting urination. Additionally, this bark is usually to cure fever, headaches, red and sore eyes. The root bark of the white mulberry tree has been used for a quite a considerable period of time in many Asiatic nations to fight against food poisoning microorganisms due to its exceptional antibacterial properties.

Jiaogulan Benefits to Seniors

yoga (2)Jiaogulan, also known as the “Immortality” herb, has a long list of reinvigorating properties. It is a class of herbs known as “adaptogens”, that help the body without causing any imbalance or harm. The people in southern China have long been drinking the popular Jiaogulan tea to augment energy and strength, combat stress and fatigue, treat colds, infectious diseases and the flu. Modern research and testing supports all of these above claims and much more, finding it to be a strong antioxidant and extremely effective in treating a wide array of health issues and promoting overall wellness and health. Here are some of the jiaogulan benefits to seniors.

Helps to Build Immune System
Doctors in China recommend regular consumption of jiaogulan for people recovering from brain and heart surgery because the herbs present in jiaogulan support and regulate the immune system, thus aiding in a more effective and quicker recovery. Additionally, seniors undergoing cancer therapies like chemotherapy and radiation receive this herb as well. Study has proved that this herb can even augment white blood cells in the body, which in turn bolster resistance.

Helps to Alleviate The Risk Of Heart Attacks And Strokes
Jiaogulan helps to mitigate the possibility of a stroke or heart attack in seniors by preventing blood platelets from clasping together. This in turn inhibits a stroke activating blood clot from developing. This same action inhibits artery clogging, thus mitigating the risk of a stroke.

Helps to Mitigate Stress
Jiaogulan also helps to calm the nerves. In a study it was found that people who could not sleep due to stress and anxiety, took 70 mg. of jiaogulan and it was reported that over 96% were sleeping well within a span of 6 days.

Helps to Lower Cholesterol
According to a study, jiaogulan also helps to strengthen the ability of the muscles and liver to convert sugar into energy instead of fat. This in turn lowers cholesterol by reducing HDLs in bloodstream and augmenting LDLs. It also inhibits platelets from increasing in the bloodstream and causing high cholesterol.

Helps to Regulate Blood Pressure
The herb also acts as a blood pressure regulator . It increases blood pressure when it is too low and decreases when it is too high. According to a study conducted on 222 patients, the herb regulated blood pressure at an 80% effectiveness rate.

In addition to the above mentioned benefits, jiaogulan also helps to improve concentration and memory in seniors, thus maintaining their overall health and quality of life.

Jiaogulan and AMPK Activation

Jiaogulan and AMPK Activationgreen-tea-10-daily-habits-blast-belly-fat

Using Jiaogulan to boost AMPK can play an important role in maintaining your health. While AMPK is an enzyme that controls metabolic activities in your body; jiaogulan works as an activator of AMPK. Both jiaogulan and AMPK help the body to reduce storage of fat thus helping you to maintain a healthy weight. Here is a brief explanation of how jiaogulan works with AMPK to promote good health.

Jiaogulan and AMPK Explained

Jiaogulan is a perennial herb that is grown in Southern China and other parts of Asia. This herb is now consumed as an herbal tea, whole leaf, or extracted supplement. Although its botanical name is gynostemma pentaphyllum, Chinese medicine has christened this unique herb as the immortality tea or herb because it has been promoting good health and longevity for centuries.

After extensive research was conducted on Southern Chinese indigenes who consumed jiaogulan regularly, Dr. Lu, from the Guiyang Medical College discovered that jiaogulan improves the immune system, cardiovascular health and protects against cancer, oxidative stress while improving circulation. The anti-aging and longevity promoting properties of this herb are connected with an enzyme called AMPK.

AMPK (adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase) serves as the master regulating switch in the body. It acts like a control panel to regulate metabolic pathways and it revitalizes aging cells in the body. AMPK supports glucose metabolism, oxidation of fatty acid and protein synthesis. Unfortunately as we grow older, our body’s production of AMPK declines significantly. Hence, we need supplementation to activate more AMPK for optimal health.

Jiaogulan and AMPK Activation

AMPK can be activated through exercise and diet. In addition, you can activate it by taking natural herbal products like jiaogulan. Researchers in Korea have discovered that jiaogulan is a very potent activator of AMPK in humans. In one of the Korean studies, some obese men consumed jiaogulan for a total of 14 weeks. The placebo controlled group did not experience any appreciable change while the members of the jiaogulan group had an average weight loss of 2 kilograms and they had lower cholesterol levels.

The activation of AMPK through the intake of jiaogulan plays an important role in reducing insulin sensitivity in diabetics. In a study carried out in China in 1997, jiaogulan was given to diabetic patients. Within 8 weeks over 89 percent of the patients showed improved insulin, glucose and triglyceride levels. Other studies have also found that the herb can stimulate the rejuvenation of vital beta cells in the pancreas which will improve the production of insulin and reduce blood glucose in patients with diabetes.

Conclusion

Jiaogulan and AMPK work together to promote healthy weight, better utilization of glucose and longevity. That is why jiaogulan is now being marketed as an AMPK activation supplement. However, before you start using any supplement, make sure you consult your doctor, especially if you have any pre-diagnosed medical condition.